About this Document............................................2 What is NetBSD?................................................2 Changes Between The NetBSD 5.0 and 6.0 Releases................2 General kernel..............................................3 Networking..................................................3 File systems................................................4 Security....................................................4 Drivers.....................................................4 Platforms...................................................7 Userland...................................................13 Components removed from NetBSD.............................16 Features to be removed in a later release.....................16 The NetBSD Foundation.........................................16 Sources of NetBSD.............................................17 NetBSD 6.0 Release Contents...................................17 NetBSD/landisk subdirectory structure......................18 Binary distribution sets...................................18 NetBSD/landisk System Requirements and Supported Devices......19 Supported machines.........................................19 Supported devices..........................................19 Getting the NetBSD System on to Useful Media..................20 Preparing your System for NetBSD installation.................21 Installing the NetBSD System..................................21 Post installation steps.......................................21 Upgrading a previously-installed NetBSD System................24 Compatibility Issues With Previous NetBSD Releases............24 Issues affecting an upgrade from NetBSD 5.x releases.......24 Issues affecting an upgrade from NetBSD 4.x releases.......25 Using online NetBSD documentation.............................25 Administrivia.................................................26 Thanks go to..................................................26 We are........................................................27 Legal Mumbo-Jumbo.............................................33 The End.......................................................38
This document describes the installation procedure for
6.0 on the
It is available in four different formats titled
is one of
less(1)pager utility programs. This is the format in which the on-line man pages are generally presented.
You are reading the HTML version.
The NetBSD Operating System is a fully functional Open Source UNIX-like operating system derived from the University of California, Berkeley Networking Release 2 (Net/2), 4.4BSD-Lite, and 4.4BSD-Lite2 sources. NetBSD runs on 57 different system architectures (ports) across 15 distinct CPU families, and is being ported to more. The NetBSD 6.0 release contains complete binary releases for many different system architectures. (A few ports are not fully supported at this time and are thus not part of the binary distribution. Please see the NetBSD web site at http://www.NetBSD.org/ for information on them.)
NetBSD is a completely integrated system. In addition to its highly portable, high performance kernel, NetBSD features a complete set of user utilities, compilers for several languages, the X Window System, firewall software and numerous other tools, all accompanied by full source code.
NetBSD is a creation of the members of the Internet community. Without the unique cooperation and coordination the net makes possible, it's likely that NetBSD wouldn't exist.
The NetBSD 6.0 release provides numerous significant functional enhancements, including support for many new devices, integration of hundreds of bug fixes, new and updated kernel subsystems, and many user-land enhancements. The result of these improvements is a stable operating system fit for production use that rivals most commercially available systems.
It is impossible to completely summarize the massive development that went into the NetBSD 6.0 release. The complete list of changes can be found in the CHANGES: http://ftp.NetBSD.org/pub/NetBSD/NetBSD-6.0/CHANGES and CHANGES-6.0: http://ftp.NetBSD.org/pub/NetBSD/NetBSD-6.0/CHANGES-6.0 files in the top level directory of the NetBSD 6.0 release tree.
Some highlights include:
dev_tare now 64 bits.
kern.ipc.shmmaxpageson startup based on physical memory. Can be overridden via
kmem_alloc(9): Add more extensive runtime debugging facilities.
cpu_reboot(9): tear down stacks of devices and file systems in an orderly fashion during shutdown.
kqueue1(2), flags SOCK_CLOEXEC/SOCK_NONBLOCK to
socketpair(2), F_DUPFD_CLOEXEC to
fcntl(2), and a MSG_CMSG_CLOEXEC to
recvfrom(2)to be able to set close-on-exec to all newly created file descriptors.
rnd(4)pseudodevice from the bitstream generation code
cprng(9)and entropy-pool code
kmem_alloc(9): add more extensive runtime debugging facilities.
ip(4): added IP_RECVTTL option to let
recvmsg(2)return the TTL of the received datagram.
ip(4): added IP_MINTTL option to discard packets with a TTL lower than the option value.
sysctl(7), to disable ICMP replies to the braodcast address.
udp(4): implement RFC6056 port selection algorithms.
fsck_ffs(8)(no more quotacheck) and is covered by the WAPBL journal. Enabled with kernel option QUOTA2.
secmodel_securelevel(9): Add provisions to control access to
security.conf(5): Add check_pkg_vulnerabilities and check_pkg_signatures to validate the installed packages against the vulnerabilities database and the expected checksums for their files.
gcscaudio(4)driver for AMD Geode CS5536.
hdaudio(4), a new standards-compliant Intel High Definition Audio driver written to replace
audio(9): Audio drivers are now MP-safe.
sysmon_envsys(9): Enhancements to allow access to driver-internal limit values.
acpicpu(4): Add a driver for ACPI-based processor functionality.
acpipmtr(4): Add a driver for ACPI power meters.
acpismbus(4): ACPI SMBus Control Method Interface driver.
acpiwdrt(4): ACPI Watchdog Resource Tables driver.
acpiwmi(4): Windows Management Instrumentation support for ACPI. Also added mappings for
aibs(4): New driver for ASUSTeK AI Booster (ACPI ASOC ATK0110) hardware monitor with limit support.
amdtemp(4): Add support for Family 12h.
dbcool(4): Added support for ADM1031 thermal sensor / fan controller.
re(4). Added hardware checksum support for newer PCIe 8168C/8111C/8102E chips.
ath(4)from the binary HAL to the open-source HAL from Sam Leffler.
bwi(4)driver for Broadcom AirForce / Apple Airport Extreme network cards.
atphy(4)drivers for Attansic/Atheros L1 Gigabit Ethernet and F1 PHY, respectively.
wm(4): Added ICH10, PCH, PCH2, 82575, 82576, 82580 and I350 devices support. Added some other improvements and workarounds.
bge(4): added misc quirk code for chip specific bugs.
ale(4): Attansic/Atheros L1E Gigabit Ethernet.
agr(4): added support for layering vlans on top, and allow LACP to be disabled.
alc(4): Add a driver for Atheros AR813x/AR815x Ethernet.
aue(4): Add support for I-O DATA ETX-US2.
bnx(4): Added support for Broadcom BCM5709 and BCM5716 chips. Add support for Broadcom BCM5709S (SerDes) chip.
etphy(4): Add a driver for Agere/LSI ET1310/ET1301 10/100/Gigabit Ethernet device and the Agere/LSI ET1011 TruePHY Gigabit Ethernet PHY.
kue(4): fixed unaligned memory accesses so it now works on ARM and MIPS machines.
ne(4): add proper support for NE2000 8-bit mode.
nfe(4): Add support for flow control for MCP65.
otus(4): Atheros AR9100U driver.
smsh(4): Add a SMSC LAN9118 Family Ethernet driver.
upgt(4): Add a driver for Conexant/Intersil PrismGT SoftMAC USB IEEE 802.11b/g WLAN.
viaide(4): Added VT8237S Integrated SATA controller support, and VT6410 PATA RAID controller support (without RAID).
dm(4)driver and lvm2 userland tools.
vnd(4): implemented DIOCCACHESYNC. Also, allow
vnd(4)to be backed by a sparse file.
sdmmc(4)driver for SD/MMC.
mvsata(4): support the Marvell Hercules-I/II SATA controllers.
flash(9): Add a subsystem to handle flash memory devices, and
nand(9), a subsystem to handle NAND controllers.
mfi(4): Add support for LSI's newer (GEN2) RAID controller.
nside(4): Add a driver for the National Semiconductor PC87415 IDE controller.
uftdi(4): Added support for REX-USB60F.
ehci(4): work around USB subsystem freeze for SB600/SB700 chipsets.
ums(4): Added touchpanel support.
drm(4): updated to mesa-drm 85b9f737db0d2a845e4d7e2bbf9ad12ff9e2227c.
acpivga(4): ACPI Video Extensions driver.
agp(4): Added support for Intel G35, Intel G45, and Intel 82855GM.
auvitek(4): Add a driver for Auvitek AU0828 family USB video capture controllers.
dtv(4): Add new digital TV framework.
cxdtv(4): Add driver for Conexant CX23880-based DTV cards.
emdtv(4): Add a driver for Empia EM28xx family USB video capture controllers.
omapfb(4): a simple driver for OMAP 3xxx on-chip video, especially the Beagleboard.
disk driver, which allows memory that is normally inaccessible by the machine-dependent
to be used (as swap space).
ichlpcib(4): support 82801IEM LPC Interface Bridge.
gpio(4)to integrate with
kauth(9), allow for runtime driver attachment, and naming of individual pins. Add
gpiosim(4)driver to simulate a
gpio(4)device for testing purposes.
gpioiic(4)driver to bit-bang an I2C bus using GPIO pins.
btmagic(4): Apple Magic Mouse driver.
vmt(4): Add a VMware Tools driver, from OpenBSD.
genfb(4)framebuffer, and the i386-only
vesafb(4)framebuffer has been obsoleted.
ucas(9)support for x86.
sysinst(8)now defaults to UFS2 for x86 platforms.
efa(4): ELBOX FastATA 1200 driver.
cbiiisc(4)boots into multiuser;
efa(4): ELBOX FastATA 1200 driver.
voyagerfb(4)driver, for the Gdium Liberty 1000's video controller.
ucas(9)support for hp700.
lcd(4): Driver for hp700 lcds added.
ssio(4)based 64-bit machines running in 32-bit mode.
mec(4): Added RX hardware checksum support on O2.
module(7)-style kernel modules.
chipsfb(4)now works on shark.
apc(4): a driver for the Aurora Personality Chip (APC) found on SPARCstation-4/5 and qemu. Allows to idle the CPU when in the idle loop.
module(7)-style kernel modules.
ffb(4): Added EDID (Extended Display Identification Data) reading, and video mode setting support.
powsw(4): a revised power switch driver.
pciback(4)driver, to which the device specified in the pciback.hide boot parameter will attach. DomU kernels get a
xpci(4)driver, to which PCI busses will attach.
balloon(4): Balloon driver now enabled for all Xen kernels.
acpi(4): ACPICA updated to 20110623.
atf(7)is version 0.15.
dns-sd(1): Import mDNSResponder 212.1.
strptime(3), for symmetry with
) and the Open Group Base Specifications X/Open System Interfaces extension ( ``XSI''
bluetooth(3): updated the Bluetooth service discovery API and merged it into libbluetooth, retiring the separate libsdp.
wapbl(4)logging for UFS partitions.
makefs(8): Added support for encoding RISC OS metadata into ISO9660 file systems.
-o rump, which mounts the file system as a userspace server via
rump(3)instead of using a kernel drver.
dkctl(8): Display cache, strategy and list of wedges if no command is specified on the command line.
ar(1): Added support for ``deterministic mode''
crash(8), a new utility to debug kernel images, based on the in-kernel debugger,
mtree(8): add -S option to sort entries.
netpgp(1), a BSD-licensed PGP implementation.
install(1): Added support for writing sha256, sha384, or sha512 hashes to a METALOG.
rpcgen(1): Added support for
wakeonlan(8)command to send Wake-on-LAN packets to machines on the local Ethernet.
nbperf(1), a minimal perfect hash function generator.
unzip(1): a libarchive-based unzip frontend.
apropos(1): new implementation using SQLite Full Text Index.
audiocfg(1): new tool to control audio defaults.
devpubd(8): Add a device publishing daemon for automatic device node creation.
disklabel(8): Disable COMPAT_386BSD_MBRPART.
dkctl(8): Display cache, strategy, and list of wedges if no command is specified in the command line.
fincore(1): Add a utility to query file cache.
ifconfig(8): Add the
linkstrcommand which can be used to communicate an arbitrary string with the interface driver.
man(1): display a manpage when specified with a path.
mkubootimage(1): Added a tool to generate u-boot kernel images.
Besides this list, there have also been innumerable bug fixes and miscellaneous enhancements.
In this release of NetBSD, the following software components have been removed from the system. Some were not useful anymore, or their utility did not justify the maintenance overhead. Others were not working properly and there was a lack of interest in fixing them.
support is no longer available in FFS; use
playstation2: http://www.NetBSD.org/ports/playstation2/ port.
rtsol(8)in favor of
groff(1)is being phased out. Man pages are handled with
groff(1)can still be found in pkgsrc as
kame_ipsec(4)has been replaced by
fast_ipsec(4). The option to use the old implementation (see
options(4)) will be removed in the next NetBSD release.
Foundation is a tax exempt, not-for-profit 501(c)(3) corporation
that devotes itself to the traditional goals and Spirit of the
Project and owns the trademark of the word
It supports the design, development, and adoption of
More information on the
Foundation, its composition, aims, and work can be found at:
The root directory of the NetBSD 6.0 release is organized as follows:
In addition to the files and directories listed above, there is one directory per architecture, for each of the architectures for which NetBSD 6.0 has a binary distribution.
The source distribution sets can be found in subdirectories of the
subdirectory of the distribution tree.
They contain the complete sources to the system.
The source distribution sets are as follows:
All the above source sets are located in the
subdirectory of the distribution tree.
The source sets are distributed as compressed tar files.
Except for the
set, which is traditionally unpacked into
all sets may be unpacked into
with the command:
# cd / ; tar -zxpf set_name.tgz
In each of the source distribution set directories, there are files which contain the checksums of the files in the directory:
The SHA512 digest is safer, but MD5 checksums are provided so that a wider range of operating systems can check the integrity of the release files.
landisksubdirectory of the distribution:
.../NetBSD-6.0/landisk/. It contains the following files and directories:
.morefile contains underlined text using the
more(1)conventions for indicating italic and bold display.
landisk/binary/setssubdirectory of the NetBSD 6.0 distribution tree, and are as follows:
/usr/include) and the various system libraries (except the shared libraries, which are included as part of the base set). This set also includes the manual pages for all of the utilities it contains, as well as the system call and library manual pages.
/etcand in several other places. This set must be installed if you are installing the system from scratch, but should not be used if you are upgrading.
/netbsd. You must install this distribution set.
groff(1), all related programs, and their manual pages.
NetBSD maintains its own set of sources for the X Window System in order to assure tight integration and compatibility. These sources are based on X.Org. Binary sets for the X Window System are distributed with NetBSD. The sets are:
The landisk binary distribution sets are distributed as gzipped tar files
named with the extension
The instructions given for extracting the source sets work equally
well for the binary sets, but it is worth noting that if you use that
method, the filenames stored in the sets are relative and therefore
the files are extracted
below the current directory.
Therefore, if you want to extract the binaries into your system, i.e.
replace the system binaries with them, you have to run the
command from the root directory (
) of your system.
NetBSD/landisk supports Hitachi SH-4 based machines that use SH IPL+g firmware.
I-O DATA HDL-G Giga LANDISK and other newer models are ARM based and are supported by NetBSD/evbarm port.
Serial console in NAS appliances from I-O DATA and Plextor does not have an external connector. You will have to buy or make yourself a special cable to access it.
On-board PCI devices and USB attached devices are supported by
Installation is supported from several media types, including:
The steps necessary to prepare the distribution sets for installation depend upon which installation medium you choose. The steps for the various media are outlined below.
Proceed to the instructions on installation.
Once you have this information, you can proceed to the next step in the installation or upgrade process. If you're installing NetBSD from scratch, go to the section on preparing your hard disk, below. If you're upgrading an existing installation, go directly to the section on upgrading.
/etc/exportsfile on the NFS server and resetting its mount daemon (mountd). (Both of these actions will probably require superuser privileges on the server.)
You need to know the numeric IP address of the NFS server, and, if you don't have DHCP available on your network and the server is not on a network directly connected to the machine on which you're installing or upgrading NetBSD, you need to know the numeric IP address of the router closest to the NetBSD machine. Finally, you need to know the numeric IP address of the NetBSD machine itself.
Once the NFS server is set up properly and you have the information mentioned above, you can proceed to the next step in the installation or upgrade process. If you're installing NetBSD from scratch, go to the section on preparing your hard disk, below. If you're upgrading an existing installation, go directly to the section on upgrading.
If you're making the tape on a UNIX-like system, the easiest way to do so is probably something like:
# tar -cf tape_device dist_directories
is the name of the tape device that
describes the tape drive you're using; possibly
or something similar, but it will vary from system to system.
(If you can't figure it out, ask your system administrator.)
In the above example,
distribution sets' directories, for the distribution sets you
wish to place on the tape.
For instance, to put the
kern-GENERIC, base, and etc
distributions on tape (in
order to do the absolute minimum installation to a new disk),
you would do the following:
# cd .../NetBSD-6.0
# cd landisk/binary
# tar -cf tape_device kern-GENERIC base etc
Once you have the files on the tape, you can proceed to the next step in the installation or upgrade process. If you're installing NetBSD from scratch, go to the section on preparing your hard disk, below. If you're upgrading an existing installation, go directly to the section on upgrading.
Landisk NAS appliances come preinstalled with Linux on the internal hard disk or, in case of USL-5P that has no dedicated storage, Compact Flash card. NetBSD installation will erase Linux, so if you want to be able to return to using Linux, it's a good idea to make a backup of the Linux installation first.
As SH IPL+g firmware doesn't provide a way to boot off of an external
media or over network you will have to disassemble the machine to take
the hard drive out and attach it to some other computer to transfer
installation kernel or to perform an off-line installation directly on
Installation mechanism that uses
is yet to be provided.
Once you've got the operating system running, there are a few things you need to do in order to bring the system into a properly configured state. The most important steps are described below.
If you or the installation software haven't done any configuration of
the system will drop you into single user mode on first reboot with the
and with the root file system
When the system asks you to choose a shell, simply press
to get to a
If you are asked for a terminal type, respond with
(or whatever is appropriate for your terminal type)
You may need to type one of the following commands to get your delete key
to work properly, depending on your keyboard:
# stty erase '^h'
# stty erase '^?'
At this point, you need to configure at least one file in the
You will need to mount your root file system read/write with:
# /sbin/mount -u -w /
Change to the
directory and take a look at the
Modify it to your tastes, making sure that you set
so that your changes will be enabled and a multi-user boot can
Default values for the various programs can be found in
where some in-line documentation may be found.
More complete documentation can be found in
When you have finished editing
at the prompt to
leave the single-user shell and continue with the multi-user boot.
Other values that may need to be set in
for a networked environment are
You may also need to add an
along the lines of
or, if you have
To enable proper hostname resolution, you will also want to add an
file or (if you are feeling a little more adventurous) run
for more information.
Instead of manually configuring network and naming service,
DHCP can be used by setting
Other files in
that may require modification or setting up include
After reboot, you can log in as
at the login prompt.
Unless you've set a password in
is no initial password.
You should create an account for yourself (see below) and protect it and the
account with good passwords.
By default, root login from the network is disabled (even via
One way to become root over the network is to log in as a different
user that belongs to group
to become root.
command to add accounts to your system.
if you want to edit the password database.
If you installed the X Window System, you may want to read the chapter about X in the NetBSD Guide: http://netbsd.org/docs/guide/en/chap-x.html
If you wish to install any of the software freely available for UNIX-like systems you are strongly advised to first check the NetBSD package system, pkgsrc. pkgsrc automatically handles any changes necessary to make the software run on NetBSD. This includes the retrieval and installation of any other packages on which the software may depend.
landisk/6.0/Allsubdir. If you installed
pkgin(1)in the sysinst post-installation configuration menu, you can use it to automatically install binary packages over the network. Assuming that
/usr/pkg/etc/pkgin/repositories.confis correctly configured, you can install them with the following commands:
# pkgin install tcsh # pkgin install bash # pkgin install perl # pkgin install apache # pkgin install kde # pkgin install firefox ...
/pub/pkgsrcdirectory. If you would like to use such mirrors, you could also try the
/pub/NetBSD/packages/current-packages/NetBSD/landisk/6.0/Alldirectory, which may have the same contents.
The above commands will install the Tenex-csh and Bourne Again shells, the Perl programming language, Apache web server, KDE desktop environment and the Firefox web browser as well as all the packages they depend on.
pkgsrc(7)framework for compiling packages can be obtained by retrieving the file ftp://ftp.NetBSD.org/pub/NetBSD/packages/pkgsrc.tar.gz It is typically extracted into
/usr/pkgsrc(though other locations work fine) with the commands:
# cd /usr
# tar -zxpf pkgsrc.tar.gz
After extracting, see the
file in the extraction directory (e.g.,
for more information.
/etc/mail/aliasesto forward root mail to the right place. Don't forget to run
/etc/postfix/main.cffile will almost definitely need to be adjusted. If you prefer a different MTA, then install it using pkgsrc or by hand and adjust
/etc/rc.localto run any local daemons you use.
/etcfiles are documented in section 5 of the manual; so just invoking
# man 5 filename
is likely to give you more information on these files.
The easiest way to upgrade to NetBSD 6.0 is with binaries, and that is the method documented here.
To do the upgrade, you must have one form of boot media available.
You must also have at least the
binary distribution sets available.
Finally, you must have sufficient disk space available to install the
Since files already installed on the system are overwritten in place,
you only need additional free space for files which weren't previously
installed or to account for growth of the sets between releases.
If you have a few megabytes free on each of your root
partitions, you should have enough space.
Since upgrading involves replacing the kernel, boot blocks, and most of the system binaries, it has the potential to cause data loss. You are strongly advised to back up any important data on the NetBSD partition or on another operating system's partition on your disk before beginning the upgrade process.
The upgrade procedure
is similar to an installation, but without the hard disk partitioning.
will attempt to merge the settings stored in your
directory with the new version of
Also, file systems are checked before unpacking the sets.
Fetching the binary
sets is done in the same manner as the installation procedure;
refer to the installation part of the document for help.
After a new kernel has been copied to your hard disk, your
machine is a complete
However, that doesn't mean that you're finished with the upgrade process.
You will probably want to update the set of device
nodes you have in
If you've changed the contents of
by hand, you will need to be careful about this, but if
not, you can just cd into
and run the command:
# sh MAKEDEV all
Finally, you will want to delete old binaries that were part
of the version of
that you upgraded from and have since been removed from the
Users upgrading from previous versions of NetBSD may wish to bear the following problems and compatibility issues in mind when upgrading to NetBSD 6.0.
Note that sysinst will automatically invoke
The pthread libraries from previous versions of
require that the
be set to
This affects the following environments:
The 5.0 kernel defaults to
which covers the first case.
However, please note that a full installation of 5.0
(either from scratch or through an upgrade)
to 1 during the boot process.
This means that for the last two cases, you will have to manually set
using either the
command or through
The implementation of SHA2-HMAC in KAME_IPSEC as used in NetBSD-5 and before did not comply to current standards. FAST_IPSEC does, with the result that old and new systems cannot communicate over IPSEC, if one of the affected authentication algorithms (hmac_sha256, hmac_sha384, hmac_sha512) is used.
The following issues can generally be resolved by running postinstall with the etc set:
postinstall -s /path/to/etc.tgz check postinstall -s /path/to/etc.tgz fix
Issues fixed by postinstall:
/etcneed upgrading. These include:
The following issues need to be resolved manually:
mount(8)command now requires the nosuid and nodev options to be explicitly specified. Previously, these options were automatically enforced even if they were not explicitly specified.
Documentation is available if you installed the manual
(documentation) are denoted by
Some examples of this are
The section numbers group the topics into several categories, but three are of primary interest: user commands are in section 1, file formats are in section 5, and administrative information is in section 8.
The man command is used to view the documentation on a topic, and is started by entering man [section] topic. The brackets  around the section should not be entered, but rather indicate that the section is optional. If you don't ask for a particular section, the topic with the lowest numbered section name will be displayed. For instance, after logging in, enter
# man passwd
to read the documentation for
To view the documentation for
# man 5 passwd
If you are unsure of what man page you are looking for, enter
# apropos subject-word
where subject-word is your topic of interest; a list of possibly related man pages will be displayed.
If you've got something to say, do so! We'd like your input. There are various mailing lists available via the mailing list server at majordomo@NetBSD.org. To get help on using the mailing list server, send mail to that address with an empty body, and it will reply with instructions. See http://www.NetBSD.org/mailinglists/ for a web interface.
There are various mailing lists set up to deal with comments and questions about this release. Please send comments to: netbsd-comments@NetBSD.org.
To report bugs, use the
command shipped with
and fill in as much information about the problem as you can.
Good bug reports include lots of details.
Bugs also can be submitted and queried with the web interface at http://www.NetBSD.org/support/send-pr.html
There are also port-specific mailing lists, to discuss aspects of each port of NetBSD. Use majordomo to find their addresses, or visit http://www.NetBSD.org/mailinglists/
If you're interested in doing a serious amount of work on a specific port, you probably should contact the `owner' of that port (listed below).
If you'd like to help with this effort, and have an idea as to how you could be useful, send us mail or subscribe to: netbsd-users@NetBSD.org.
As a favor, please avoid mailing huge documents or files to these mailing lists. Instead, put the material you would have sent up for FTP or WWW somewhere, then mail the appropriate list about it, or, if you'd rather not do that, mail the list saying you'll send the data to those who want it.
Keith Bostic Ralph Campbell Mike Karels Marshall Kirk McKusick
for their work on BSD systems, support, and encouragement.
(in alphabetical order)
|The NetBSD core group:|
|The portmasters (and their ports):|
|Valeriy E. Ushakov||uwe||hpcsh|
|Valeriy E. Ushakov||uwe||landisk|
|The NetBSD 6.0 Release Engineering team:|
|Alistair G. Crooks||agc@NetBSD.org|
|Jeremy C. Reed||reed@NetBSD.org|
|Robert V. Baron||rvb@NetBSD.org|
|D'Arcy J.M. Cain||darcy@NetBSD.org|
|Taylor R. Campbell||riastradh@NetBSD.org|
|Chris G. Demetriou||cgd@NetBSD.org|
|Tracy Di Marco White||gendalia@NetBSD.org|
|Jaime A Fournier||ober@NetBSD.org|
|Michael van Elst||mlelstv@NetBSD.org|
|Jason R. Fink||jrf@NetBSD.org|
|Matt J. Fleming||mjf@NetBSD.org|
|Liam J. Foy||liamjfoy@NetBSD.org|
|Simon J. Gerraty||sjg@NetBSD.org|
|Oliver V. Gould||ver@NetBSD.org|
|Jun-ichiro itojun Hagino||itojun@NetBSD.org|
|Charles M. Hannum||mycroft@NetBSD.org|
|Michael L. Hitch||mhitch@NetBSD.org|
|David A. Holland||dholland@NetBSD.org|
|Christian E. Hopps||chopps@NetBSD.org|
|Love Hörnquist Åstrand||lha@NetBSD.org|
|Lonhyn T. Jasinskyj||lonhyn@NetBSD.org|
|Min Sik Kim||minskim@NetBSD.org|
|Jonathan A. Kollasch||jakllsch@NetBSD.org|
|Johnny C. Lam||jlam@NetBSD.org|
|Martin J. Laubach||mjl@NetBSD.org|
|Frank van der Linden||fvdl@NetBSD.org|
|Cherry G. Mathew||cherry@NetBSD.org|
|Jared D. McNeill||jmcneill@NetBSD.org|
|Neil J. McRae||neil@NetBSD.org|
|Julio M. Merino Vidal||jmmv@NetBSD.org|
|Constantine A. Murenin||cnst@NetBSD.org|
|Zoltán Arnold NAGY||zoltan@NetBSD.org|
|Jeremy C. Reed||reed@NetBSD.org|
|Tyler R. Retzlaff||rtr@NetBSD.org|
|Blair J. Sadewitz||bjs@NetBSD.org|
|Karl Schilke (rAT)||rat@NetBSD.org|
|Thor Lancelot Simon||tls@NetBSD.org|
|T K Spindler||dogcow@NetBSD.org|
|Valeriy E. Ushakov||uwe@NetBSD.org|
|Mike M. Volokhov||mishka@NetBSD.org|
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This notice shall appear on any product containing this material
NetBSD is a registered trademark of The NetBSD Foundation, Inc.
In the following statement, the phrase ``this text'' refers to portions of the system documentation.
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form in NetBSD, from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2004 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2004 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between these versions and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document.
The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html.
This notice shall appear on any product containing this material